This installation of TCS M1 Decoder is for HO Scale Atlas S2 and was submitted by Scott Russell of Sandy Hook, CT
NOTE: This installation was performed before the release of the TCS AS6 decoder. The AS6 is the preferred decoder for this locomotive.
Important Soldering Tip:
Please do not use any flux either liquid or paste on the mother board. It will damage it. Use only Rosin core solder approved for electronics use.
We recommend to use only Kester "44" rosin core, SN63PB37, .015" diameter, part number 24-6337-0007.
This can be ordered from Techni-Tool under Techni-Tool part number 488SO157 http://www.techni-tool.com Click here for the updated installation pictures.
The older Roco drive in the Atlas Alco switchers had a
headlight only. By removing the board, an M1 decoder can fit in the notch over
the motor and not have to go in the cab. You can also add Golden White LED’s for
the headlight and backup light in the cab.
If possible, carefully remove the handrails from the
model. This may take a while, but you’re less likely to break them while
installing the decoder. At least remove the ones from the steps to the back of
Remove the body by carefully prying off the cab from the
bottom then tilt the body forward to disengage the front latch.
Remove the PC board (Fig 1) by removing the screw and
unsoldering the wires.
Remove the weight and put Kapton or electrical tape on
the four places shown (Fig 2) that may contact the chassis.
Turn the chassis over and put tape on the bottom of the
motor to insulate it from the chassis. Replace the motor screw with a Kadee
Delrin screw or other non-conductive 2-56 screw (Fig 3). The hole in the motor
is metric, but the 2-56 screw can be forced in fairly easily.
Replace the weight and solder the gray decoder wire to
the motor brush. Do this quickly to not melt the plastic brush retainer.
Solder the red wires to the right side pick-ups and the black to the left. The
decoder wires are long enough that if you strip some insulation from near the
middle, you can solder it to the front wire and fold it back and solder to the
rear wire. Make sure you put the shrink tubing on the correct ends of the
wires before you solder them. Cut the orange wire to reach the mounting screw,
tin it and bend a loop to go under the screw head. Reattach the weight. (Fig
The decoder will fit in the notch with the flatter side
of the decoder facing up. The large component fits next to the motor brush
(facing down). Hold the decoder and wires in place with tape. (Fig 5)
Cut a Golden White LED to fit using the original PC
board to see how far the LED should stick out to almost touch the light pipe
to the headlight. Solder the blue wire to the positive lead (the smaller part
of the LED lead frame that you can see is the positive lead, so you can tell
after you’ve cut the leads to fit) and run an extra blue wire to the rear of
the engine with the yellow wire.. Solder a 1K ohm resistor to the other lead
and then to the white wire. Shrink tube all the leads. I use DAP BlueStik
(also called Fun Tak) or Duco StikTak, etc. You can get it in a craft store in
several colors. It sticks to almost anything, but it’s removable and reusable.
It’s great for sticking down decoders and wires. (Fig 6)
Solder leads and a resistor to another LED and stick it
in the cab with BlueStik, lining it up with the backup light lens (Fig 7). Run
the leads down and hook them to the yellow and blue wires, observing the
correct polarity. By using an LED here, you won’t melt the cab roof with a hot
bulb. The cab looks backward in the photo because I flipped it up to forward
after I connected the wires.
Put the hood back on, tuck any extra wires under the
hood and snap the cab back on.
Program the decoder and you’re ready to go. For a
switcher, I program “Rule 17” (CV 49=8 and CV 50=24); “Dim Stopped/Opposite
Dim” (CV 61=48) and “Dimmed Brightness’ (CV 64=6 for an LED). For this
particular model, it ran best with CV 2=25 (start volts) and CV 56 =1 (dither
frequency) and CV 57=10 (dither voltage). You might have to play with these
values to get it to run to your satisfaction.
Other solder tips:
When stripping wire, only strip a tiny little bit of the insulation. Strip no more then a 1/64 of an inch. When the wire gets tinned with solder the insulation will shrink back more. Try to not expose any more wire then half the length of the solder pad at most. In no case should solder or exposed wire wire ever be outside the boundary of the the solder pad you are attaching a wire to. Click here for important information on properly Stripping and Tinning wire